HOURS OF SERVICE FAQ'S
Am I subject to the Hours of Service (HOS) rules if I don’t need a CDL?
Most drivers must follow the HOS Regulations if they drive a commercial motor vehicle, or CMV. In general, a CMV is a vehicle that is used as part of a business and is involved in interstate commerce and fits any of these descriptions:
- Weighs 10,001 pounds or more
- Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more
- Is designed or used to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver) not for compensation
- Is designed or used to transport 9 or more passengers (including the driver) for compensation
- Is transporting hazardous materials in a quantity requiring placards
What Hours of Service (HOS) rules apply to me?
The following table summarizes the HOS regulations for property-carrying and passenger-carrying drivers:
11-Hour Driving Limit
A driver may drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty.
A driver may not drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour period.
A driver may not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days. A driver may restart a 7/8 consecutive day period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off duty.
Sleeper Berth Provision
Drivers using a sleeper berth must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two.
A driver, who is not using either of the short-haul exceptions in §395.1(e) may drive only if 8 hours or less have passed since end of driver’s last off-duty or sleeper berth period of at least 30 minutes.
What is an Electronic Logging Device (ELD)?
An ELD is technology that automatically records a driver’s driving time. This allows easier, more accurate hours-of-service recordkeeping. An ELD monitors a vehicle’s engine to capture data on whether the engine is running, whether the vehicle is moving, miles driven, and duration of engine operation (engine hours). ELD manufacturers must certify that their products meet the technical standards in the ELD rule.
Do ELDs eliminate the need to keep supporting documents?
No, it is important to keep documents received throughout the day to verify hours of service compliance with the 60/70-hour rule over a period of days.
What exceptions are allowed by the Electronic Logging Device (ELD) rule?
Drivers who are not required to complete logs are not required to use ELDs. In addition, the following drivers are not required to use ELDs, but must maintain paper logs when required:
- Drivers who must keep logs no more than 8 days during any 30-day period.
- Driveaway / Towaway drivers (transporting an empty vehicle for sale, lease, or repair), provided that the vehicle driven is part of the shipment.
- Drivers of vehicles manufactured before model year 2000.